Newport Plastic provides specialized care of skin disorders in infants, children, and adolescents. If a child has a disease involving the skin, hair or nails, the pediatric dermatologist can offer effective solutions. Conditions treated commonly include the following:
- Hair and nail disorders
- Pigmentation disorders
- Skin infections
Any visible outbreak in the external skin can be called a rash. Rashes can occur at any age, but are more common among infants and other children. Rashes may occur due to a variety of reasons, and a wide range of medical diagnoses exist for skin rashes in children.
Rashes are usually non-infection, which include contact dermatitis, eczema, psoriasis, rosacea, drug eruoptions, dry skin, hives, and allergic dermatitis. Typical treatment for non-infection rashes includes cortisone creams or pills.
Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema)
This skin disease will typically appear before a child’s first birthday. It is marked by itchy skin that is tender, warm and red. Eczema is the commonly used term for atopic dermatitis. The child will develop scaly and dry patches on the affected areas of the skin. The common areas where the patches appear may include the scalp, face, forehead and cheeks. Due to the itchiness, the child may rub the skin intensely, which can lead to skin infection.
The pediatric dermatologist will develop a treatment plan that is customized to meet the specific condition of the child. Medications and other therapies may be prescribed to treat conditions such as itching, redness and swelling, infection, and scaly lesions.
Acne is a common problem in the teenage. Topical treatments are available to treat mild to severe conditions of acne, while more severe acne may be treated with a combination of therapies. Topical treatments in the form of creams, gels, lotions, and pads may include the following:
These acne medications can eliminate some of the harmful bacteria in the affected areas and reduce skin inflammation. Clindamycin and erythromycin are some of the common antibiotics.
Retinoid creams include vitamin A, which helps unclog the follicles and also allows other medications to work better. Avita, Differin, Retin-A, and Tazorac are common examples of topical retinoids.
Prescription medications in more potent forms for severe acne may be recommended. These may include medications such as azelaic acid, benzoyl peroxide, dapsone, and sulfur-based treatments. These treatments are designed to reduce swelling by blocking bacterial growth
Psoriasis in Children
Psoriasis may occur in children if the immune system causes rapid reproduction of the skin cells. The skin affected by psoriasis may mature only in about three to four days rather than the normal four weeks. As a result, the skin cells pile up and form lesions, and skin redness occurs due to heightened blood flow.
Moderate to severe cases of psoriasis may be treated with biologic drugs. Prescription drugs for oral intake or by injection may be provided for kids with moderate to severe psoriasis. Topical treatments and phototherapy may also be used to treat psoriasis.